The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) along with Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is set to develop a new system which will provide key information to guide efforts related to climate change and disaster management. In the recent times, climate change as become a serious concern with many countries trying various methods to safeguard the change.
As a part of the Earth System Observatory, each satellite will be designed uniquely to work together and create a 3D, holistic view of Earth, from bedrock to atmosphere.
NASA explained in a statement, "The observatory follows recommendations from the 2017 Earth Science Decadal Survey by the National Academics of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine which lays out ambitious but critically necessary research and observation guidance."
In this system, ISRO will provide two radar systems that can measure changes in Earth's surface less than a half-inch. The radar is one of the observatory's first missions intended as a pathfinder. It has been called as NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR).
"The mission will measure some of the planet's most complex processes such as ice-sheet collapse and natural hazards like volcanoes, earthquakes and landslides," added NASA.
NISAR will assist the planners and decision-makers with managing both hazards and natural resources in the future. The new system will focus on finding answers to the critical question like how aerosols affect the global energy balance, air quality forecasting and prediction of severe weather.