January 16 is commemorated as the birthday of the tenth guru of Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guruji took birth as Gobind Rai on December 22nd in 1666, as per the Julian Calendar. However, according to the lunar calendar, the day of January 16 is considered as the birth date of Guru Gobind Singh and the day is celebrated accordingly.
On 7th October, Guru Ji left for the heavenly abode. Remembering this great personality on this day, let's take a look at some of the interesting facts about him.
Gobind Rai, who was named as Guru Gobind Singh later, was born in at Patna Sahib or Takht Sri Patna Sahib (now in Patna).
He is the son of ninth Guru Teg Bahadur and Mata Gujri and he was just 9 when he turned 10th Sikh Guru.
As a kid, Guru Gobind Singh learned several languages that include Sanskrit, Urdu, Hindi, Braj, Gurmukhi and Persian.
Guru Gobindji's birthplace was the city of Anandpur Sahib.
From Nahan, he went to Paonta, a town alongside the river Yamuna in South Sirmur, Himachal Pradesh.
At 19, Guru Sahib competed at the clash of Bhangani in contrast to an associated force of Bhim Chand, Garwal king Fateh Khan and other native monarchs of the Sivalik Hills.
During November 1688, he came back to Anandpur.
On March 30 in 1699, he gathered his supporters to his home in Anandpur.
At the meeting of 1699, he established the Khalsa Vani - "Waheguru ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru ji ki fateh". He gave the title Singh, entailing lion, to his followers. He also launched the beliefs of Khalsa or the Five 'K's.
After frequent clashes with Garwali and Mughal heads, Guru Gobind Singh forwarded a note to Aurangzeb in Persian, which was named as Zafarnama.
After Aurangzeb left for the heavenly abode, Guru Gobind Singh no longer endured a rival to the Mughals.
Guru Gobind Singh named Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the spiritual text of the Khalsas and the Sikhs, as the succeeding Guru of the two communities.
This SIKH GURU has made us proud with his great works and he will always be remembered for the same.