“At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom,” Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of Independent India declared the freedom of India on the night of August 15, 1947. India got freed after being ruled by the British for years and gained its hard-fought Independence on August 15, 1947.
To commemorate the Independence of India, the Indian national flag was hoisted above the Lahori Gate of Red Fort in Delhi. Since then, it has become the practice of every year. The nation is celebrating its 73rd Independence Day this year. So, let’s look at the history of independence day.
The British Parliament was directed to transfer power by 30 June 1948 as per the mandate given by Lord Mountbatten.
Although Lord Mountbatten claimed that he would see that there was no bloodshed, the way things unfolded proved him wrong. Lord Mountbatten later justified it by saying, “wherever colonial rule has ended, there has been bloodshed. That is the price you pay.”
However, Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons on July 4, 1947 after Mountbatten’s inputs. The bill got issued within a fortnight and finished the British rule in India on August 15, 1947. It also came with two different Dominions of India and Pakistan. Since then, the nation celebrates the Independence day.
Every year on Independence Day, the Prime Minister of India hoists the flag from the Red Fort, but it did not happen on August 15, 1947. According to a research paper of the Lok Sabha Secretariat, Nehru hoisted the flag from the Red Fort on August 16, 1947. Even, the border line between India and Pakistan was not determined until 15 August. This was decided on 17 August by the announcement of the Radcliff Line which laid the boundaries of India and Pakistan.
India became independent on August 15, but at that time it had no national anthem of its own. Although Rabindranath Tagore had written 'Jana-Gana-Mana' only in 1911, but this national anthem was made only in 1950. South Korea, Bahrain and Congo also celebrate Independence Day on the 15th of August.